Category Archives: Industry

A Revolution in the Transport Industry

The world is developing in all industries. The transportation industry in particular comes with innovations and new methods every day. Growing companies create the need for fast and reliable transportation of goods internationally, over long distances. The pilot service has provided good transportation for users such as large companies.

Air transportation has proven for many years now that it is capable of transporting large quantities of goods over very large distances in the smallest time possible. Also, air transportation has proven to be one of the safest ways of delivering goods, eliminating the risk of road accidents. Whether you’re transporting personal goods, gifts or if you’re transporting sophisticated machinery and expensive goods, air transportation is the safest and most time-saving means of transportation available at this time.

In the following lines, we will cover the most important and commonly used pilot services available both for transportation and for personal use.

Covering the history of air transportation in a few lines, all begins in the 1920’s when the first attempts at Air freight transportation were made, although the first commercial transportation flights took place later in the 50’s.

Because of its speed and safety, pilot services are preferred by most companies not just in the transportation industry, but also in the medical industry or for personal use in travelling over long distances.

Of course, the costs of transporting goods through air services are much higher than transporting goods by road or by sea, but the advantage of air transportation is that the goods should be transported to the destination in one week if not days during an express transport.

The transportation cost is also determined by the weather and climate changes in the transportation area. Also, if the price of the fuel increases, the prices will also increase as well, so companies prefer to only transport small and very expensive goods which might pose a risk of breaking if you’re getting it transported by road.

Pilot services also include private travelling for people who have to get in many places all the time. If you’re such a person and if you have the money, you can get yourself a private jet. But since not many people have this opportunity people who travel around a lot use an aircraft charter service which provides them with an aircraft and a pilot. Choosing an aircraft charter service over buying a private jet is a great idea since you don’t have to worry about the aircraft maintenance and repairs in any way.

Another one of the many airplane services out there, without doubt one of the most important is medical air transportation. Equipped with modern technology, helicopters that act as air ambulances can travel anywhere, even to remote places, with extreme speed and get you transported to the hospital quickly and safely. Flight services are revolutionizing the medical world, medical air transportation has saved many lives over the past years.

You Need to Know About The Leather Industry

Most people who refuse to buy and wear leather do it out of pity for animals, including me. As a vegetarian for life, I can’t justify wearing skin, that’s not true. Of course there is the argument that “the animal will be slaughtered, so why not use the skin?” which is true to a certain point – the leather and meat industry goes hand in hand, with leather sales an important income for slaughterhouses. Breeding cows only for skin is unusual (but never happens) because who can justify removing meat? Even dairy cows are eventually slaughtered for their skin – that’s what leather demand is.

The general conception is that skin, whether it be leather or fur, is synonymous with quality and luxury. Take this from the description of a Bentley Motors “Mulsanne” Interior Specification – “The attention to detail on show is befitting of a flagship Bentley. Take the sumptuous leather, handpicked from herds in cooler climates where the lack of insects means blemish-free hides. Soft and supple, they are then tanned in a traditional process, originally used during the construction of fine furniture pieces that optimises their natural aroma.”

Yet there is myth and ignorance surrounding its production. Most leather in the UK is made from the skins of cattle, calves, sheep, lambs, goats and pigs. The younger the animal at the time of slaughter, the smoother and finer the grain structure and the less likelihood of damage due to scratches, parasite damage, ringworm, dung contamination, improper flaying or inadequate salting. The skin of a female is usually finer grained than that of a male and has a looser fibre structure giving a softer, stretchier leather. Although the UK has some animal welfare practices in place, we shouldn’t delude ourselves that animals reared and slaughtered here feel no stress, panic or even pain. Would you spend the day in a slaughter house and witness what happens there? As with most of us, the answer is most probably no, yet generally speaking we stick our heads in the sand and only see the finished item – the steak on our plate or the jacket in our wardrobe. The situation abroad is even worse – India is one of the world’s leading exporters of leather, yet with virtually no animal welfare regulations in place, what really happens to the “sacred cow” does not make for good reading. Should you really want to know how it is however, visit peta.org and see for yourselves.

Leather & the Environment

The amount of waste and pollution generated by the leather manufacturing industry is phenomenal and wreaks havoc on the environment. The stench from a tannery is overwhelming. Not only do they pollute the air however, they also pollute the rest of the environment with the use of a multitude of harsh toxic chemicals. One estimate puts the potential cost of an effluent treatment plant in a tannery at 30% of the total outlay proving just how much of a major problem it is. The Indian leather tanneries around the Ganges (of which there are literally tens of thousands) have been cited for dumping toxic metals such as chromium into the river. All waste that contains chromium is considered hazardous. Tannery effluent also contains large amounts of other pollutants, such as protein, hair, salt, lime, sludge, sulphides and acids. Groundwater near tanneries has been found to contain highly elevated levels of lead, cyanide and formaldehyde.

The leather industry also uses a tremendous amount of energy. In fact on the basis of quantity of energy consumed per unit produced, the leather-manufacturing industry would be categorised alongside the paper, steel, cement and petroleum manufacturing industries as a gross consumer of energy.

So is it worth it? Really worth it? Is the search for luxury and perceived quality really very important because NOTHING is considered inappropriate? In these times of heightened environmental awareness, I hope there will be a gradual change in the use of any animal for its skin, but I feel we still have a long way to go. Thankfully there is some hope in quality vegan skin on the horizon, which is made from vegetable and vegetable materials starting to be used in making clothing and footwear. That must be the way forward, because surely our fragile planet cannot last much longer.

The Origin of Leather Use

One of the oldest professional crafts that is still used today is sewing skin together using needles from animal bones and threads made from animal intestines and muscles, especially sheep. Some of the first skin users were Eskimos and North American Indians. They kill animals for food and make leather clothing using animal skins and bone needles to sew skin together.

Most all the information to date has been gathered by various researchers’ findings. Theories are based on small pieces of information over a long period of time.

Today most animals are killed primarily for food. The skin and leather industry are left over products that evolved into the Leather industry as we currently know it. Without using the skins it would create a major pollution and environmental problem either by burning or burying the residue in a landfill. Most all domestic animals are protected by law and are not part of the food chain. Leather skins are available only from other countries. The animals are killed by poachers and skins sold on the black market all over the world.

The hunter gatherers, in the stone age, killed for food and used the skins for protection. The use of animal skins actually goes back to the days of the ice age. In that time about the only pointed items for killing the animals were flints also used to scrape the inside of hides as well as fur and hair on the outside. People that work with animal hides are aware of the fact that it shrinks when it gets wet and over time begins to have a horrible smell. People would wrap the skins around them while they moved around sewing it together to prevent it from falling off some were even used to sleep on.

The process of tanning and softening leather was probably an accident. After someone dropped some skin in water that a fallen tree had discolored the water and changed the color of the piece of skin as well as making the skin softer. Therefore tanning came about and some similarities of this process are still in use today. The North American indian made their clothing from deer skin and sewed it together into a form of tunic and trousers. Sometime ago in northern Canada a body was found, thought to be a trapper that had died from exposure to the elements. He had in effect died from exposure, however, test and examinations showed he had died several thousand years ago and was wearing trousers and a tunic made from goat skin.

There is very little evidence to suggest any type of leather goods or workers. Leather artifacts at that time consisted primarily of straps for arrows and scabbards for swords. As time passed more people were wearing some type of shoes and boots. Saddles for the horses created shoemakers and saddlers.

In the early times, young men believed to be of Greek origin, carried a leather water bag over their shoulders. They wore a leather toga with a leather bag around their waist believed to be for small game or birds for food along the way. Leather goods did not evolve until travel started to become common. And in those days moving was uncommon with most people remaining where they were born or very close.

Leather products today are very varied and have many daily uses from shoes and boots to leather coats, jackets, etc. Leather is worn by most motorcycle riders and all types of outdoor sports enthusiasts. Leather is also widely used in the fashion and apparel clothing industry and the use of leather continues to grow and offers greater product variety for everyone.

Corona Virus – Global Aviation Industry Threatened Loss

Did you know that a number of global airlines have stopped flights to and from Wuhan, China to prevent the spread of the corona virus at this time? Why this virus spreads so quickly to various countries such as Japan, Thailand, South Korea, the United States (US), Taiwan and Singapore. Well, that’s because there are many there are lots of tourists to and from China. If this condition continues and becomes a pandemic, the global aviation industry will face losses. The corona virus that causes pneumonia in Wuhan is known to have characteristics similar to the corona virus that causes Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS).

The impact of the corona virus is thought to be large. Moreover, currently the global aviation industry is more dependent on Chinese tourists. The number of tourists from China who travel to various parts of the world around 166 million people. The number is up compared to 2018. There are many tourist spots in China that have the potential to attract world tourists such as the Yellow Crane Tower, the Hubei Provincial Museum, the Wuhan Yangtze River Bridge, the Wuhan Botanical Garden, the Happy Valley of Wuhan, the East Lake Cherry Blossom Park, the East Lake of Wuhan, etc. .

In addition to various tourist destinations that are able to attract world tourists to China, Chinese people also like to travel abroad such as in Australia. The Chinese tourists mostly boarded the airline from their home country then took domestic flights after arriving in Australia. This means, the airline Qantas Airways Ltd could be affected if passenger demand for flights goes down. This also applies in countries that have world-class attractions.

The corona virus outbreak is feared to worsen the condition of the global economy, especially in the field of aviation. That could happen because the Chinese economy in recent years has been much bigger and more connected to the global economy. From time to time, China’s influence on the world in various economic sectors, especially trade in goods and services, investment, and finance, is getting bigger. If not treated immediately, the impact is feared to exceed the outbreaks of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in 2002 and 2003.

Laser Marking and Laser Etching Systems

Laser marking and laser etching are becoming increasingly important in a growing number of industries. Basic reasons for laser marking or laser etch of your products include:

o The mark is extremely durable, permanent and in most cases cannot be removed without destroying the product itself, this is true for laser marking, laser etching, or laser annealing.

o The laser marking process is accurate, 100% repeatable, fast, with very clear sharp results.

o The laser mark or laser etch can quickly and easily be changed without any machine change over, and, without replacing any tools. The changing of a laser marking or laser etch is a simple drag and click computer operation.

o The laser requires no consumables and no additional purchases of added materials or supplies. Therefore the operating and maintenance costs of owning and running the laser marking or laser etching system are virtually non existent.

Laser Basics

The word laser is an acronym for light amplification by simulated emission of radiation. The laser beam is formed in a sealed tube with an electrode set, laser gas, and electrical discharge. The beam is emitted into a telescope which expands the laser beam from a size of approximately 2mm as the beam exits the laser tube up to 7mm to 14 mm for most laser marking or laser etching operations. The expanded beam is directed into a laser head containing two mirrors located on high speed galvo motors. The laser beam is directed off the mirrors though a single element flat field lens to the product being laser marked or etched.

Typically the laser marking or laser etching fields created range in size from 65mm x 65mm [2.5″ x 2.5″] at the smallest size to 356mm x 356mm [14.0″ x14.0″] square at the largest. The next consideration is the laser beam spot size. This is the size of the focused laser light energy at the laser marking or laser etching point on the product and can vary from approximately 200 micron [micrometers] or .0078″ at the smallest to approximately 540 microns or .021″ for Co2 lasers. The laser beam spot size ranges from approximately 20 microns or .0007″ at the smallest to approximately 70 microns or .0027″ at the largest for Nd:YAG lasers. These small spot sizes and highly focused laser light energy create the detailed, clear, permanent marking that is typical of the laser marking or laser etching process.

Controlling Lasers and Laser Marking Options

Laser markers and laser etchers are controlled via software. Several variables need to be controlled:

1. Laser power as measured in watts

2. Frequency, meaning the pulse frequency of the laser beam

3. Inches per second, meaning the speed that the beam steering mirrors are moving

Determining the correct setting for the laser is the single most important and critical element in the success or failure of the laser marking process. Once the proper settings have been determined and demonstrated a 100% repeatable laser mark can be achieved.

Laser controller software is accessed via a PCI interface card. This sends the digital signals of the computer based marking or etching files to the motors and directs the laser beam to the product being laser marked or laser etched.

There are several different types of laser marking and laser etching and several different considerations in terms of visual results for the laser mark or laser etch.

1. Laser etching produces a visible etching or depression into the material. Laser etching replaces traditional process like mechanical press or pin scribing. Laser etching can be done with either a Co2 or YAG laser on virtually any material surface and to any depth from very light etching to very deep etching. For example, laser etching is used to engrave serial numbers into metal gun frames. Generally speaking with laser etching the material being laser etched is vaporized at the laser etching point due to the typically high power densities of the laser beam at the point of laser etching.

2. Laser marking produces a surface mark with very little engraving and very little disruption of the material surface. This is especially useful in certain industries such as discrete electric components, semi-conductor, electrical fuse, and ceramics where laser etching can actually damage part or change the conductive qualities of the part. Generally in order to produce the laser mark without deep engraving a high speed per inch setting for the galvo head is used.

3. Laser etching and laser marking generally do not produce any color changes and create a colorless impression. There are exceptions as certain plastics will sometimes react to and change color under either Co2 or YAG laser light. Also, in some cases, additives can be incorporate into the materials being laser marked or laser etched in order to produce a color change. Another exception occurs when the wavelength of either the Co2 or YAG laser is changed from those typically used in laser etching and laser marking. This can produce a color change after laser etching on some materials.

4. Laser annealing is another popular form of laser marking. This type of laser marking is generally undertaken with a YAG laser on metal surfaces using lower power, high frequency and slow writing speeds to produce heat on the surface of the product. Laser annealing can be used to replace electro chemical etching and ink marking as the laser annealing process creates a black mark with no etching. Care must be used, as the heat generated can cause iron in some metals to be pulled to the surface, and rust can result if the parts are subjected to sterilization after laser annealing. This can be an especially difficult issue for medical devices

5. Laser ablation is also a popular use for laser marking systems. In this case the laser is used to remove a layer of paint, anodized or some other material covering the surface of the part. For example this process is used to create bear metal contact points on a painted part, to allow battery connection as in cell phones, or to remove paint for identification of parts and manufacturer details.

Leather Accessories

Leather is a very important item. This is widely used today in several applications. Nowadays, when the world becomes a global market, leather accessories hold an important place there. They are part of a booming industry. These accessories and items are in high demand throughout the world. This is why several large leather industries have been established in various countries in the world over the past few years.

Leather, however, is not a new item to the world. It had also been used in the ancient times by the medieval man. Ancient people used to hunt wild animals for their food and clothing need. They used animal skin to cover their body and to protect it from exposure to the external environment. Some archaeologists revealed that various simple kinds of leather utensils were also made by these primitive men. Whatever, that was a very basic or simple use of this stuff.

Today with the advancement of science and technology, several new types of leather has been invented. Also, new and more advanced types of leather goods are being manufactured nowadays, which was not a case in the ancient times. Presently, the most common types of leathers in use include Sienna and Verona, among others. Most popular types of leather products and accessories in fashion these days are as given under:

* Shopping bags
* Leather briefcase
* Leather belts
* Cigar humidors
* Decoration items
* Document holder
* Leather wallets
* Picture frames

Above list is obviously not capable of accommodating all types of leather goods. It has only covered the primary commodities. No doubt, today the leather industry has spread its legs almost on every part of the world. The major countries, however, which have given their vital contribution in making this industry a booming one include India, China, Pakistan, Thailand, Russia and the United States, besides others.

One can contemplate from the names of the above-mentioned countries that Asia is the major contributor in the leather accessories manufacturing. The countries such India, China and Pakistan, are also providing a good scope for the development of the leather industry.

According to market experts and business tycoons, given the increasing use of leather in the manufacture of goods and clothing used daily, the pace of growth of this industry will increase from year to year. Well! positive signs. If all goes well, we will see a much more prosperous and developing leather industry in the future. Maybe, that will give us a variety of exclusive accessories, never made before.